As many others risk factors for cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia is an important one, that if not treated, can leads to serious health problems. Health problems are mainly cardiovascular ones such as: atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, angina… But also dyslipidemia can negatively affect your liver, pancreas and gallbladder.
But first what is dyslipidemia? Dyslipidemia is a metabolic disorder characterised by:
High CT blood level (total cholesterol) >200mg/dl
High LDL blood level (bad cholesterol) >129mg/dl
High TG blood level (triglycerides) > 150mg/dl
Low HDL (good cholesterol) <40mg/dl
Second, there are different risk factors leading to dyslipidemia and then severe cardiovascular and other health manifestations such as:obesity, smoking, excess alcohol intake, high fat diet, lack of exercise, high blood pressure, Diabetes mellitus, sexe: male, age (40 and +)…
So if you’re subject to 2 or more of these previous risk factors, or you’re already experiencing dyslipidemia and following a treatment, you should adopt a therapeutic lifestyle change:
- Practice a physical activity for 1 hour minimum (3 times/week)
- Limit cholesterol food intake (red meat, eggs, mayonnaise, butter, margarine…)
- Limit sugar intake in order to decrease TG blood level (table sugar, sweets, desserts…)
- Limit alcohol intake (1 beer, 1 glass of red wine) to maximum 1 time/week, in order to decrease LDL and TG levels.
- Limit fatty food consumption (fast food, fried food, processed food…)
- Increase fruits and vegetables intake (5 portions/day)
- Privilege plant based proteins (quinoa, soy beans…) over animal based proteins
- Consume an adequate amount of omega 3 (fish oil, flaxseeds, canola oils…)
In conclusion, you should know well your lipid profile and aim to a healthy lifestyle. Although, as we all know that adding “fat” to food brings good taste and smothness, we should also perceive the bad and serious issues that adding “fat” to food brings to our health!
So as I always say, moderation is the key. Know your limits and live healthier to prevent dyslipidemia and then prevent major health conditions.